Lilac

Lilac

Question: Can I move my lilac in the open ground?

On the terrace I have a beautiful potted lilac plant which has bloomed, it is a few years old and it seems to me that leaving it in the pot suffers. Could I transplant it into a garden 700 meters above sea level? Do you prefer a sheltered or sunny area? Thanks


Answer: grow lilac

Dear Paola,

in fact the lilac (syringa vulgaris) is a shrub that in nature reaches up to 3-4 meters in height and loves to have a good amount of soil to be able to develop at its best; surely your plant will benefit from being moved to the ground, because in the pot, shrubs suffer in the long run, especially if they are not periodically repotted, and if they are not guaranteed a very large container.

You can safely move your shrub in the open ground in the garden, because it is a hardy and vigorous plant, which also grows in the wild along our peninsula. Lilacs love to be grown in full sun, even more so if the garden in which they will spend the winter is located in the hills, where winter temperatures can be very low. Before placing the shrub, work the soil well and enrich it with a little manure, or with slow release granular fertilizer; they prefer very well drained and loose soils, possibly calcareous.

To have a good flowering every year it is good to remember that lilacs prepare the floral buds already in summer and autumn; if you then prune the shrub at the end of winter, you will remove most of the future flowers, obtaining a decidedly inconspicuous effect; on the other hand, if you wait to prune the end of flowering, you will stimulate the plant to produce many new shoots, and therefore next year the flowering will make all your neighbors gnaw with envy.

Also remember that potted plants have different needs than those in the ground: your lilac, placed in the ground, will tend to need less watering, especially in the coming years, when it has been able to develop a fairly extensive root system.

Once the lilac was widely used as a medicinal plant, while today it is cultivated only as an ornamental plant, or in some places it is forced to produce flowers to be cut; once an oil was prepared in which lilac bark was macerated, which was then used to massage the areas affected by rheumatic pains; still today lilac is used in herbal medicine: the bud extractives, extracted from syringa buds, are used for heart and coronary problems.

The species that is most used as a garden plant is syringa vulgaris, of which various hybrids have been prepared, with very particular flowers, for example there are varieties with dark purple flowers, with a candid edge.