Transplant the plants
Transplanting is an indispensable operation for plants but often, this involves enormous inconvenience for the plant as it sees itself uprooted from its home to move to another. Yet transplanting plants is essential for those species that do not grow well and spring is the right time to do this. The evening before the transplant, wet the soil of the pot where the plant lives and remove all the dried leaves and flowers. If necessary, do a little pruning and wash the pot where the plant will be buried very well and if this is terra cotta, leave it to soak overnight. There are two methods of transplanting plants: the bare root one and the one with earthen bread. In both cases, you have to be careful about watering which must not be too much or too little otherwise the transplant will fail.
How to carry out the bare root transplant
This type of transplant is carried out for those plants that are able to remain less traumatized than the others because they are more resistant and strong. Among them we remember the walnut or the cherry. However, they too must be treated with particular regard because they suffer equally, especially their root system which is the part that will suffer the most. The place where the plant will be transplanted, whether it is a vase or a garden, must be covered with a layer of sand on the bottom and if the plant is not transplanted immediately, it must be given a special treatment. That is, it must be preserved in a mixture of peat and sand. Once the planting of the plant has been decided, it will be cleaned of all the old earth, using a soft bristle brush. The roots will be cut in some places under the collar and in a very clear way. The place where the plant will be laid must be well irrigated before planting the plant and when this is done, you must be extremely careful not to damage the root system of the plant.
How to transplant with earthen bread
The transplant with earth bread is carried out for those delicate plants that are presumed to suffer greatly from the change of residence and above all that will not have the opportunity to regenerate the root system inevitably damaged after extraction. These plants such as camellia and azalea, even if treated with all possible caution, will unfortunately suffer damage to the roots. The transplant done in this way can be carried out at any time of the year apart from those periods of frost or sultry heat because the very delicate roots of these plants would not be able to take root in the new home. This technique involves many repotting operations so that the plant can reach the size you want. Nurseries widely adopt this technique which provides that the bread of earth that the plant has around the roots must not be damaged in order not to risk destroying the roots of the plant. Practically, since the roots have all remained in the clod of earth that has been extracted, this will not be affected in the least and will be refurbished in this way. The transplant can be done manually but it is preferable to do it with a tree rootball because it is safer. Unlike the bare root transplant, this transplant requires the plant to be immediately repotted and immediately irrigated.
Transplanting plants: How to treat plants after transplanting
As we could understand, the plants were traumatized after the change of residence and now we have to treat them with all due respect just like a sick person in convalescence. Their root system has undoubtedly suffered a lot so let's put them in a place where you don't get too much sun. They need to be irrigated constantly but without stagnation of water so as not to mold the roots. Even if we see the plant slightly withered we must rest assured because it will return more lush than before in less than a week. As soon as the plant is reinvigorated, we will notice it from the more upright posture and the shiny leaves and at this point we should spray it with a spray bottle, with fresh water and then expose it to the sun to make it enjoy a little warmth. In the evening we will put it back in a more sheltered place until its conditions are definitively the optimal ones and only then, we can place it in the place where it will remain forever. We also remember to fertilize it periodically and fertilize it when needed, always checking the irrigation that must keep the soil always moist. If it is a matter of plants that have undergone the change of residence in a garden, we will observe the same rules of care after transplanting, of course without being able to move the plant but taking care to cover it with a TNT cloth (non-woven fabric) in case of sudden cold or frost. and out of season.