Flowers for planters

Flowers for planters

Flowers for planters

The plants, as it is known, are not only grown in gardens and flower beds, but they are also suitable for cultivation on terraces and balconies. Some of these plants can therefore be placed in appropriate planters whether they are supportive (in terracotta or concrete) and hooking to railings or surrounding walls. For growing in pots we need plants that can develop equally with respect to full earth or fields. The description of plants for planters in our case focuses on the cultivation of lily and lily of the valley. The lily belongs to the Liliaceae family, it is a perennial plant that grows spontaneously in regions with a temperate climate whatever the continent (Europe, Asia and America). Lilies are bulbous plants whose flowers have splendid different colors according to the variety; the bulbs on the market are newly created hybrids, which have exceptional characters for their vigor and variety of shapes and colors. The best known and easily available species are: Lilium candidum, well known for its white and fragrant trumpet-shaped flowers; Lilium auratum, originally from Japan, very fragrant with large funnel-shaped flowers, fleshy, white, flecked with yellow and purple. Lily of the valley also belongs to the Liliaceae family; it is a perennial plant that arises spontaneously and can therefore, given the similarities with the lily, be safely cultivated in pots or flower boxes. The characteristics of lily of the valley are known and easily identifiable, namely: large, oval and very long leaves with short stems about twenty centimeters high with white flowers, similar to small fragrant bells with the tips of the petals curved and facing outwards.


The lily bulbs are buried in spring at a depth of 10-12 cm. They require a substantial but light soil that is well drained and permeable, to prevent stagnant moisture from rotting the bulbs. In summer, fertilization with water-soluble fertilizers is necessary to be repeated every 10 days. The candidum lily, also known as St. Anthony's lily, is the only species that is buried in August. Grown in pots, lilies require fertile garden soil mixed 50% with heather, with the addition of a handful of sand and finely chopped charcoal. It is good to use planters of at least 22-25 cm. in diameter. Having available lily bulbs and wanting to obtain other subjects, we proceed by carefully detaching the small bulbs called "bulbils" that form around the main one. Another way to multiply the bulbs is to detach the "bulbils" located between the attachment of the leaves and the stem. Both the first and the second operation are quite delicate; the "bulbils" must be placed in flower boxes and cultivated for at least three or four years, to give them the opportunity to assume the optimal shape.


The cultivation of lilies of the valley takes place through the rhizomes that can be purchased from flower growers or garden centers and must be buried in shady positions, where they multiply by themselves. They prefer very fertile soils rich in sand, clay and organic matter composed of soil of vegetable debris and leaves in an advanced state of decomposition. They take root easily and if you want to multiply them, we proceed by dividing rhizomes in spring, after flowering or in autumn. Forcing in pots is necessary when you intend to anticipate flowering. The operation is done by placing the rhizomes of the lilies of the valley in pots with soil mixed with sphagnum and then placed in the ground for 5-6 weeks and once the vegetation has appeared, the pots are transferred to a heated greenhouse or to bright rooms with a constant average temperature of 20. degrees. Only when they have grown up can they be moved to planters. However, frequent watering and the administration of liquid fertilizers soluble in water not necessarily of chemical composition are advisable.


The lily was held in great esteem in past centuries as a medicinal plant. Before the year one thousand, it was even believed that by drinking the juice obtained by pounding the lily in a mortar combined with wine, it was possible to avoid the toxicity of snake bites. As for the lily of the valley, however, it should be borne in mind that seeds, roots and leaves are toxic. However, pharmaceutical scholars recognize lilies of the valley similar qualities to those of digitalis. Even for lilies of the valley as for lily there are hybrid varieties created for the production of cut flowers with the difference that the stems are more robust, taller and the bell-shaped flowers larger in diameter. Among the various species, the “pink” one is very pleasant due to the delicate color of the flowers. In addition, there are varieties that have leaves streaked with white or golden yellow. The very fragrant flowers of lily of the valley, when used as cut, must be cut about 20 centimeters from the base and before immersing them in a vase with water, they must be freed near the cut of the greenish cover so that the white part is in close contact with it. The last feature that has pushed flower growers to produce cut flowers is that in the hybrid species, the flowers can also last for a period of more than ten or twelve days.

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