Question: Pomelia

I would like to explain the technique of reproduction by cutting of pomelia and I would like to know if it can be done in this period. thanks.

Answer: Pomelia

Dear Toyozo,

the plumeria are beautiful shrubs native to the Caribbean and tropical areas of South America; they produce large bouquets of splendid, slightly fleshy and very fragrant flowers, which are reminiscent of oleander flowers, of which they are close relatives. The cultivation of these plants in Italy is only suitable in the hottest areas of the peninsula, because they are very afraid of the cold, and cannot bear temperatures below 5 ° C; therefore during the winter months the plants enter into vegetative rest and if you do not live in an area with very mild winters, they will be moved to a slightly heated greenhouse. Plumeria after flowering produce long fruits, containing seeds; they can be propagated by sowing, but this method does not always give good results; on the one hand, the plumeria plants available are generally hybrids, and therefore we will not know until flowering if our daughter plant has flowers identical to the mother plant that produced the seeds; in addition to this, plumeria seeds take a long time to germinate, up to 7-8 months, and therefore it often happens that, while waiting for the sprouts, insects or rottenness feed on our seeds. Therefore, in general, we choose to propagate the plumeria by cutting, even if they are not always easy to root. Unfortunately the ramifications of the plumeria always remain slightly fleshy, and contain a white latex; in order to allow the new plants to germinate it is necessary that the cuttings are left for about a week in a warm and dry place, to dry, so that the cuts at the base heal and stop expelling latex. The plumeria cuttings are taken in spring, when the plant restarts its vegetative development; the tips of the branches are cut, at least about thirty centimeters long, or even more, because the too short cuttings of plumeria tend not to root. Awaiting the rest week of the cuttings, they are buried in n composed of peat and sand in equal parts, they are watered, and the pots are moved to a place exposed to direct sunlight, very warm and bright. However, the cuttings take several days to germinate, and in this period it is important to water them regularly, every time the soil dries up. To stimulate the production of roots, before burying the cuttings, it is advisable to immerse them in the rooting hormone.

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