Pepper plant

Pepper plant

Chilli plant

The chili plant belongs to the botanical family of Solanaceae and to the genus Capsicum, which includes various species. Capsicum annuum is the most cultivated and includes both spicy varieties, the common red pepper, and sweet pepper. Chilli is an erect shrub between 40 and 80 cm high. Its fruits are oblong berries, full of seeds, initially green which, as they ripen, turn red, passing through intermediate shades of yellow and orange. Other widespread species are C. frutescens and C. chinense. The plant was imported to Europe after the discovery of America, becoming a common vegetable. Its characteristic spicy flavor is due to a substance called capsaicin. The plant can also be grown in pots, sowing in February in the central-southern regions and in March in the north. The peppers will be harvested in summer and autumn.


Pink pepper plant

Pink pepper is produced from an evergreen tree whose scientific name is Schinus molle. Originally from South America it is also commonly called false pepper as the similarity with pepper is due only to the flavor and not to similar botanical characteristics. The plant, about 6 meters high and with aromatic leaves, has a structure reminiscent of that of the willow and has no particular cultivation needs, in fact it also grows on poor soil and does not need fertilizer. Its berries, small, pink and spherical, with a delicate flavor, are used as a spice, however they cannot be consumed in large quantities because they would be toxic. Pink pepper is consumed in the Creole blend which also includes black pepper, white pepper, green pepper and allspice. The pink pepper plant is grown in the open ground only in Southern Italy.

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The pepper plant

The black pepper plant (Piper nigrum) belongs to the Piperaceae family. Its very aromatic dried fruits are used as a spice, one of the most common in Europe. The origin of the plant is tropical, in particular from India. The typical spicy taste is due to the substance called piperine. The plant is a woody vine about 4 meters high. The fruit is a drupe, 5 mm, with a single seed, green at the beginning and then dark red when ripe. On the market we find various products derived from the plant. Among these we have the classic, and most widespread, black pepper, produced starting from the unripe fruit, which is immersed in boiling water and then dried. White pepper comes from the seed alone, without the fruit pulp. On the other hand, green pepper, always dried, retains its original color thanks to the treatment with sulfur dioxide.


Bonsai pepper plant

The bonsai pepper plant is grown starting from plant species other than Piper nigrum, that is the pepper proper. One such plant is Sichuan pepper, with berries and leaves that resemble those of pepper. Originally from China and Japan, it has the botanical name of Zanthoxylum piperitum and a proportionate and elegant posture. Another plant used for this type of bonsai is Schinus molle, the already described pink pepper. However, probably the most present species on the Italian and European market are Sophora prostrata (Little baby) and Operculicaria decaryi. The first is a New Zealand evergreen shrub with small round leaves and a very branched habit. The Operculicaria is native to Madagascar, very similar to Sophora from which it differs for the stem with more marked roughness.

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Video: How To Grow Chillies At Home100+ chillies per plantSeed To Harvest