Prosecco grape

Prosecco grape

Prosecco grape, origins distant in time

The Prosecco grape is obtained from the Glera grape. The latter is none other than the Prosecco vine universally known and identified with the wine itself. Unfortunately, due to its worldwide popularity, there have been numerous attempts to imitate the product itself. Very often the name Prosecco is erroneously indicated any sparkling wine especially in the context of wine for aperitifs. To protect the product it was decided to return to the origins of the vine itself by recalling it Glera. In fact, this was the wine already known in Roman times as Pucinum. The term prosecco derives from a Friulian town from which the cultivation of the vine started. Later, it also spread to Veneto, especially in the province of Treviso. Valdobbiadene, in particular, is at the peak of the production of this variety.

Characteristics of the Prosecco grape

The Glera vine has found in Veneto a soil suitable for its complicated nature. The vine is best expressed in sunny hilly terrain with good water drainage. It does not like soils that hold a lot of moisture. The training systems are the classic ones, pergola or awning is not allowed, which are more suitable for producing wines of lesser value. This variety must be produced without any forcing and with at least 2300 plants per hectare. The cluster is pyramidal, winged and rather loose. Depending on the exposure of the land, the ripening grapes will take on a yellow-green or golden yellow color. The wine obtained a yellow color with greenish reflections when produced in colder climates. A straw yellow color if the soils are more sunny and with milder temperatures.

DOCG and DOC wines

The Prosecco grape is the basis of the production of well-known and very famous wines. Prosecco is the aperitif wine par excellence. The frankness of the scents and the pleasant and refined taste make it unmistakable. Young people are the main consumers of the product. The wines produced can be DOCG and DOC, depending on the production areas. The Prosecco DOCG denomination includes: Conegliano -Valdobbiadene and Colli Asolani. The sparkling wine is placed on the market with the wording "Valdobbiadene Prosecco Superiore DOCG". The versions produced are dry, extra-dry and brut. The sparkling wine obtained from Prosecco grapes from the S. Stefano di Barbozza district, called Cartizze, can be labeled with the wording "Superiore di Cartizze". Grape-based wines produced in territories of the province of Treviso that do not fall within the DOCG can be released for consumption with the wording DOC.

Prosecco grape: Characteristics of Prosecco wine

The vinification must take place according to the methods foreseen by the rigid disciplinary. The harvested grapes are subjected to soft pressing. Then the must obtained is left to rest for 10-12 hours so that it can decant. The next step involves the start of alcoholic fermentation to obtain the base wine. The latter will be placed in an autoclave and inoculated with selected yeasts for the second fermentation. The wine thus obtained from Prosecco grapes can be sparkling or semi-sparkling, according to the pressure it is subjected to. The sparkling wine will have finer bubbles and a soft, fluffy foam. Sparkling wine, on the other hand, will have larger bubbles. The scents will be fruity and will recall flowers and white pulp fruit. The second fermentation can also take place in the bottle. In this case, the processing can take even years. The hints will be less fresh and will recall yeast and bread crust.

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