Goat breeds: Angora

Goat breeds: Angora

Origin and diffusion

Breed of sleeping goats from Turkey. Lorigine dates back to at least 3,000 years ago. The name Angora derives from the region of origin (Ankara). Tradition has it that the curtains of the Tabernacle of the Jews were woven with this precious fiber.
For many centuries the Angora goats were for the Turks a precious asset to be protected also through official prohibitions of the Sultans for the sale of live animals outside the borders of the country. Today the breeding of this goat is widespread, as well as in the country of origin, in South Africa and in the United States. It is also bred in Europe (France, England, Germany, Switzerland and Italy) even if the volumes of fiber produced are very modest. The breeding of this breed began to spread outside Anatolia in the second half of the eighteenth century, first by the Spaniards then by the French. In 1838 the first garments were exported to South Africa and around the mid-nineteenth century to the United States.
It produces a very fine and silky hair (mohair, which derives from the Turkish mukhyar, a term that is used to indicate the finest fleeces), suitable for the production of high quality yarns. Frugal breed, which can live in difficult environments. Very sensitive to adverse weather conditions in the 3-4 weeks following the shearing (sometimes special coats are used). The presence of ectoparasites can significantly depress the value of the mohair produced.

Morphological and productive characteristics

Cut it: small.
Head: straight profile, provided with oblique horns, spiral in the male, directed backwards in the female.
Pile: white (but there are colored, black, yellow, brown hair strains), shiny and even reaches 25 cm in length.
Medium weight: males to. Kg. 40-45 -Females to. 30-35
The weight of the kids at birth is about 2 kg.
Shearing is normally done in March and September. The shearing job is longer than the sheep (a different comb is used. The best quality mohair (kid-mohair) is obtained by shearing the kids for the first and second time, obtaining 1.3-1.5 kg of very fine fiber .
Production woolen garment: 3-4.5 kg with 12 to 20 cm long fiber.

Angora goat (photo Breeding Favilla www.haflingeritalia.it)

Angora goat (photo Breeding Favilla www.haflingeritalia.it)

Closeup of Angora goat (photo Breeding Favilla www.haflingeritalia.it)


Video: Watch the Birth of a Baby Angora Goat!