Exotic reptiles: Seba python Python sebae

Exotic reptiles: Seba python Python sebae

Systematic classification and distribution

Class: Reptiles
Order: Squamati
Suborders: Snakes
Family: Pythonidae
Genre: Python
Species: Python sebae Gmelin, 1789

The Seba Python lives in Senegal, Guinea, southern Ivory Coast and eastern Nigeria to southern Sudan and Ethiopia from Kenya to Congo. It reaches large dimensions and presents an aggressive and nervous nature. Adult catch specimens are absolutely to be avoided; it is advisable to breed captive-born baby specimens that are more suited to humans and life in captivity.
If properly maintained and used to being handled, it can lose the habit of biting over time. It is advisable to use a sturdy glove the first few times to avoid unpleasant consequences.


Brown in color, sometimes very dark, it has darker irregular spots on the back surrounded by yellow. The body is very massive and allows it to ingest, after suffocating them by wrapping them tightly, even prey the size of a small antelope, even if it normally feeds on smaller animals. As an adult it easily reaches a length of more than 6 meters.

Seba python - Python sebae (photo G Drange www.biopix.com)

Seba python - Python sebae (photo RayMorris1)

Habitat and terrarium

In the sub-Saharan area where it is widespread, the Seba python prefers open areas with vegetation and forests. It also tends to frequent habitats equipped with waterways, where it proves to be a good swimmer and can remain immersed even for a long time.
Terrarium: being able to reach considerable dimensions, it needs a large terrarium. Use glass with a minimum thickness of 6 mm.

Temperature and humidity

Avoid untreated wood that could become too moist and spoil with abundant urine.
Use a heat source for the floor that warms 1/3 - ½ of the terrarium with a temperature of 31/33 ° C. The coldest temperature in the terrarium should never drop below 22 ° C.


It is preferable to feed the baby python at least 2 times a week and in any case not less than 1 time every 7 days. It is necessary to feed it with adult mice or small rats.


Before introducing a new guest into the house, it is advisable to have a vet analyzed by a vet with a parasitological examination, and occasionally check the snake's skin for mites, also check in the bowl of water. Mites present as small black dots visible to the naked eye. Strange attitude, loud breathing, sudden loss of appetite are certainly bad signs and must be reported as soon as possible to a competent veterinarian.


Sexual maturity is reached in the first 2-4 years. Males can be mature at 2.2 m and females at 2.7 m.

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