Systematic classification and distribution
Species: P. palustris Linnaeus, 1758
Synonymous: Parus palustris
It is widespread in almost all of Europe except in the regions in the far north. In Italy it is present throughout the central and northern regions, albeit unevenly, more scarce in the south and absent in Sardinia.
Titmouse - Poecile palustris (photo www.wlodeksmardz.pl)
Titmouse - Poecile palustris (photo www.thorninger.com)
Titmouse - Poecile palustris (photo www.oiseaux.net)
Wingspan: 19-21 cm
Adult males and females are indistinguishable in nature. They have brown upper parts with gray undertones with some dark brown caudal remiges and helmsmen. The head is black up to the eye, while below (cheeks ears and almost on the nape of the neck) it is white. On the throat there is a black bib. The chest, abdomen and belly are dirty white - light fawn. The beak and legs are gray. Young people are quite similar to adults.
The titmouse emits a well-ringing nasal "ptciu", repeated several times. Insectivorous, but still integrates the diet with small fruits, seeds and honey.
It nests in cavities of trunks, stumps and roots, occasionally in tunnels and cracks in walls. From April onwards, the female lays 7-10 brown-spotted white eggs, which incubate almost alone for 13-17 days. Both parents take care of the little ones until complete self-sufficiency. The flyweed occurs after 2-3 weeks.