Wildlife in Italy: Colubro of the Balkans

Wildlife in Italy: Colubro of the Balkans

Systematic classification and distribution

Class: Reptiles
Order: Squamata
suborders: Snakes
Family: colubrids
Kind: Hierophis
Species: H. gemonensis

The Balkan coluber, or Hierophis gemonensis, is a snake widespread in the Balkan Peninsula. It had been observed in the past on the eastern border of Italy, in the areas surrounding the city of Trieste. Its name is linked to the city of Gemona del Friuli, in the province of Udine.
He lives in arid and sunny rural areas, dry stone walls, woods and clearings.

Distinctive characters

The Balkan colubus usually reaches 130 cm in length and sometimes exceeds them.
The basic color of the back is brown, sometimes with dark gray flecks. The belly is clear. When in danger, he prefers to flee, but, if caught, defends himself by biting. It is not poisonous.

Biology

Very agile and fast, it feeds on small reptiles, but also on eggs, nestlings and small mammals.

Colubro of the Balkans - Hierophis gemonensis (photo Pierre-Yves Vaucher)

Colubro of the Balkans - Hierophis gemonensis (photo www.herpetofauna.at)

curated by Ivana Stella


Video: Reptiles of Croatia herping on Krk and Cres island 2018