Breeds of chickens: Sultan

Breeds of chickens: Sultan

Origin, diffusion and economic characteristics

Chicken of probable south-eastern European origin. In 1854 the first specimens reached the United Kingdom.

Morphological characteristics

It has an abundant tuft of croissant crest and blue-white tarsos dressed in a very elegant way.
Colors admitted in the FIAV standard: Black and White; Blue and Buff have also been selected.
Medium weight:
- Rooster 1,5-2 Kg
- Hen 1.0-1.5 Kg

Sultan breed rooster

Sultan breed rooster and hen (photo http://sunshineopia.webs.com)

Breed standard - FIAV

I - GENERALITIES

Origin
Southeast Europe. In 1854 the first specimens reached the United Kingdom.

Egg
Minimum weight 50 g.
Shell color: white.

Ring
Rooster: 18
Hen: 16

II - TYPE AND ADDRESSES FOR THE SELECTION
An intermediate form between a large and a dwarf chicken, of a common type, short and short; habit of just medium height; abundant plumage; presence of forelock, beard, feathered tarsi and vulture hocks; five fingers. The hen is more compact and has a lower bearing.

III - STANDARD
General appearance and characteristics of the breed

1- FORM
Trunk: quite short; wide and deep; carried horizontal.
Head: short, medium wide with well developed cranial hernia supporting a full forelock.
Beak: short; strongly curved; large and flared nasal orifices; flesh-colored, leaden blue allowed.
Eyes: rather large; reddish brown iris.
Crest: small crest with conical croissants arranged in a "V" shape, possibly both of the same length; positioned just above the base of the beak, in front of the tuft.
Bargigli: very small and red, hidden by the beard.
Face: red, barely visible as it is covered with a beard and favorites.
Mumps: small, red, hidden by the beard and favorites.
Tuft: voluminous and full, but must not prevent the view; in the cock with long and narrow feathers, admitted slightly divided; spherical in the hen; the back covers the nape and the upper part of the neck.
Beard: voluminous; as unique as possible with favorites; soft plumage.
Neck: short and strong; carried slightly arched towards the back; abundant and long cape that partially covers the shoulders.
Shoulders: wide and rounded.
Back: wide; quite short due to the abundant plumage of the cape; slightly remounting; plumage of the rump well abundant and well developed covering the tips of the wings.
Wings: medium length; well adherent to the body and slightly low flow rates.
Tail: full and wide; flow quite detected; large, sickle-shaped, saber-shaped, small, more curved sickle-shaped ones.
Chest: prominent, wide, deep and well rounded.
Legs: legs well spread, short; partially hidden by the plumage of the belly and the hips; completely feathered with long vulture hocks formed by long and rigid feathers with the end slightly facing downwards. Tarsi just of medium length; heavily feathered; external sides of the fan-shaped shoe; dark blue, light blue or flesh tolerated. Five well separated fingers; feathered outer and middle finger.
Belly: full and wide with soft plumage.

2 - WEIGHTS
ROOSTER: Kg. 1,5-2,0
HEN: Kg. 1,0-1,5

Serious defects:
Coarse or too angular shape; habit too high; underdeveloped or hanging tuft; poor beard; absence of feathering of the tarsi and vulture hocks; absence of the fifth finger; blue leather; field of vision too small or zero.

3 - PLUMAGE
Conformation: very full with abundant duvet; slight formation of bearings.

IV - COLORS:

WHITE
GALLO and GALLINA
Pure white. In the presence of blue tarsi a yellowish reflection is tolerated, especially in the rooster.
Serious defects: presence of pens of other color.

BLACK
GALLO and GALLINA
Black with bright green highlights.
Serious defects: shades of bronze and violet; pens of other color.


Video: Serama Chickens of Francisco Duc Nguyen