Aluminum plant - Pilea cadierei

Aluminum plant - Pilea cadierei


This genus includes about two hundred species of perennial herbaceous plants, native to most of the globe; the species generally cultivated as decorative plants are about ten, they come from Central and South America and are evergreen. The Pilea cadierei constitute dense tufts of rounded or heart-shaped leaves, more or less elongated, of a dark green color, with silver-gray or blue, shiny and waxy zoning; due to their characteristics they are also known as the aluminum plant. The leaves are single, carried by long fleshy stems, quite fragile, and have a serrated edge; these plants produce apical inflorescences of small white, yellow or greenish flowers, which hardly bloom in plants grown indoors. Easy to cultivate, they are often grown in hanging baskets, especially climbing species.


To have a good development of the aluminum plant, it is good to place the Pilea cadierei in a semi-shaded place or in complete shade; they are plants that fear the cold, so they should be kept at home or in a temperate greenhouse. The ideal temperature for this variety should never drop below 10 ° C in the winter, while the ideal climate in the summer should be around 25 ° C.


To have a healthy and luxuriant aluminum plant, water regularly, every 4-5 days, allowing the soil to dry out between one watering and the other, as water stagnation is not tolerated and can lead to the onset of dangerous rot ; from March to October provide fertilizer for green plants every 15-20 days; in the winter months fertilize every 35-40 days.

These plants need a lot of humidity, so it is advisable to vaporize them often, with demineralized water. contact with water, but causing the ambient humidity to be higher.


Pilea cadierei prefers loose soils, very well drained, rich in organic matter; repot plants of this genus at least every 2-3 years, to ensure sufficient space for a harmonious development, paying close attention to the stems which break with a certain ease. It is also possible to proceed with an annual repotting if you notice that the plant grows a lot; the operation should be done in spring, using a rich and well drained soil. To obtain a good degree of drainage it is possible to add sand to the compound.


The multiplication of these plants generally takes place by cutting, taking an entire leaf at the base of the stem that carries it; from a single leaf a whole plant develops rapidly, in a few weeks. The cuttings should be placed in containers with peat and sand and placed in a sheltered and shady place with a constant temperature.

Pilea cadierei specimen">Aluminum plant - Pilea cadierei: Pests and diseases

Excessive brightness can cause leaf discoloration; these plants are sometimes affected by aphids. To eliminate them it is good to use a specific pesticide product, or, prepare a natural compound based on garlic to be boiled in water, then vaporized on the affected specimens. This variety can also be affected by cochineal; in this case, you can use a cloth with alcohol to mechanically remove the problem. Another problem can be caused by an excess of water that leads to the onset of gray mold, a serious problem, to be tackled quickly, eliminating the diseased parts.

Video: Silver Pilea. Aluminum Plant Care Tips